I've shown you the basics for the first few steps in creating a stained glass piece and today is Stage 4-the copper foil method. After each piece is ground around the edges and cleaned and dried you then burnish them with copper foil prior to soldering. It is the copper foil that actually binds your solder bead, which in turn holds the pattern together. It's an important step and one that needs to be done with precision. Beginners usually use a wider copper foil as it is easier to apply and burnish but as you get use to handling the foil you can move to a thinner width and/or one that is suitable to the thickness of the glass piece. These photos show a black-back copper foil being adhered to the pattern piece, another shows the width of the foil and what the foil roll looks like. There are contraptions out that that hold the roll for you and "feed" the foil as you need it but I've always done it by hand. I just recently purchased a burnishing tool. Prior to that I used a tongue depressor and it worked just fine! Whatever gets you through the night. So, this is stage four of the Transom. Tomorrow I will show you the pattern assembled with foiling complete and then on to the soldering process! Enjoy. With gratitude, Laurie B.